It is the central premise and belief of the GRASS Project and this report that there are new, more productive ways to look at the grazing issue. Grazing can be viewed as another land management tool along with fire, mowing and chemicals. Like these other tools, it can have either positive or negative effects, depending upon what objectives are being sought and how wisely it is managed.
Managed poorly, cattle grazing can indeed have serious negative impacts on the environment. It must also be acknowledged, however, that well managed cattle grazing, with clear objectives and ongoing monitoring, can be used as an effective tool to enhance environmental resources. It is the latter potential that we believe merits further attention and exploration.