Navigate Up
Menu +
Home > Home (English) > For Providers > Zebra Packet > Biological Emergencies
PRINT

Q Fever

disease reporting iconmedical management guidelines icon

Epidemiology
  • Coxiella burnettii is highly infectious by the aerosol route.
  • Q-Fever is rarely transmitted from person to person.

 

Clinical
  • Incubation period is 10-40 days.
  • Acute infection may be asymptomatic or a self-limited febrile illness.
  • Chest x-ray evidence of pneumonia is present in up to 50% of cases.
  • Mortality rate is less than 2%.

 

Laboratory Diagnosis
  • Requires serologic confirmation (IFA or ELISA)
  • Isolation of organism is not recommended due to significant hazards from handling bacterial cultures in the laboratory

 

Patient Isolation
  • Universal precautions.  Patients do not require isolation rooms.

 

Treatment
  • Illness usually resolves without treatment.
  • Tetracyclines are the antibiotics of choice for more severe illnesses.

 

Prophylaxis
  • Tetracycline antibiotics are very effective if administered 8-12 days AFTER exposure.
  • Starting prophylaxis immediately after exposure can delay symptom onset but does not prevent illness.
BACK TO TOP







*
Contact County Disclaimer

Our mission is to prevent disease and injury and create environments that promote and protect the community's health.