What is Bullying?
Bullying is unwanted aggressive behaviors among school-aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance and is repeated or has potential to be repeated over time. Bullying can include threats, rumors, physical or verbal attacks, and purposely excluding someone from a group.
Cyberbullying or electronic bullying is a form of bullying. There are differences between cyberbullying and other “traditional” forms of bullying. There is a difficulty in determining what constitutes repetition and power imbalance online.
Children are most likely to be bullied in elementary grades with the likelihood decreasing through middle and high school. Yet, cyberbullying tends to increase in 8th grade and early on in high school.
Bullying can affect the health, mental health and academic well-being of children who are targeted. Children who are bullied experience lower self-esteem, greater loneliness, anxiety and more depression.