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Last content update:  6/30/2020

 

If You Think You are Sick

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I Think I Have or Am at Risk of Having COVID-19: What do I do?

About COVID-19

  • COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) is a disease caused a new virus (novel coronavirus) that is spreading from person to person. Common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath.
  • COVID-19 is mostly spread:
    • between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet);
    • through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes;
    • by touching a surface or object contaminated with the virus and then touching the mouth, nose, or eyes;
    • also possibly through aerosols (tiny viral droplets) that can float in the air, though it is unknown for how long they float or how significant this kind of spread is.
  • Most people will have relatively minor illness with COVID-19. However, some people are at higher risk for serious COVID-19 disease, including people:
    • over 50 years of age;
    • with chronic health conditions such as lung disease, heart disease, or diabetes;
    • with weakened immune systems;
    • who are pregnant.
  • People with COVID-19 might be contagious as early as two days before their first symptoms and as late as weeks after becoming sick.

Treatment for COVID-19

  • There is no specific medicine to treat COVID-19 disease.
  • Get plenty of rest, drink lots of fluids, eat healthy foods, and manage stress.
  • Use acetaminophen to reduce fever and aches and pains.
  • Go to the hospital if your symptoms worsen or you are having trouble breathing.

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SECTION ONE: Patients Without Test Results



Please read this section if:

  • You suspect you might have COVID19 but have not been tested
  • You have been tested for COVID-19 but have not yet received your test results
​If you have been tested and already know the results, please skip to Section Two
  1. Monitor your symptoms
    • If you are over 50 or have a condition that puts you at higher risk for severe disease, monitor your illness even more closely and discuss any concerns with your doctor. The most common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms can include chills, night sweats, sore throat, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, tiredness, muscle or body aches, headaches, confusion, or loss of sense of taste/smell.
    • If your symptoms get worse, you have difficulty breathing, or you develop other concerning symptoms, call your doctor.
    • If it is an emergency, call 911. If you have been tested, tell them you are awaiting results.
      • Some emergency warning signs are trouble breathing, persistent pain/pressure in the chest, confusion or being unable to wake up, and bluish face or lips.
  2. Call ahead before visiting a hospital, emergency room, or doctor's office
    • ​​If you need to visit a hospital, emergency room, or doctor’s office, call ahead to notify them that you might have COVID-19. This will help the hospital or doctor’s office take steps to keep other people from getting infected.
  3. Stay at home except to get medical care
    • Stay at home. Other people should get food and other necessities for you.
      • Do not go to work, school, or public areas.
      • If you need medical care, avoid using public transportation, ridesharing, or taxis. ​
  4. ​​Protect your family and friends
    • ​​While at home, stay in a separate room with the door closed and away from other people in your household. Use a separate bathroom, if available.
      • ​If a separate bathroom is not available, use the bathroom last after others, and then wipe down everything you touched afterwards.
    • ​Wear a face covering if you must be around other people at home. A bandana, scarf, or homemade cloth mask may be used. If you are not able to wear a covering, then people should not be in the same room with you. The time spent with other members of your household should be very limited.
    • Clean your hands often with soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
    • Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue and throw away used tissue in a lined trash can. Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water afterward.
    • Avoid sharing personal household items like dishes, glasses, or bedding.
    • Clean frequently touched surfaces and objects (like doorknobs and light switches). Regular household cleaners are effective.
  5. ​Self-isolate at home
    • ​​If you have not been tested:
      • Remain isolated at home until at least 3 days after fever is gone and other symptoms are better.
    • If you have been tested and are waiting for your results:
      • Remain isolated at home until your provider contacts you with the results.
    • If your self-quarantine period is over, you can return to your usual routine while following the Shelter in Place and social distancing orders. Wear reusable, non-medical cloth face coverings when going out for essential services.
​Note: If you work in a healthcare setting, you should notify your employee/occupational health office as soon as you begin showing symptoms.

You should follow any additional instructions from your employer.

SECTION TWO: Patients With Test Results




Please read this section if:
  • You have been tested and already know the result
If your test result is POSITIVE:

  1. Continue to monitor your symptoms
    • See ​item #1 in Section One.
  2. Self-isolate for 14 days and until your illness is better
    • Remain isolated at home until at least 14 days have passed since the date o your positive COVID-19 test result AND, if ever symptomatic, at least 7 days have passed since recovery (resolution of fever and substantial improvement in respiratory symptoms).
    • Continue to protect your family and friends.
      • See item #4 in Section One.​
  3. ​People who live with you should self-quarantine for 28 days
    • ​For household contacts, the quarantine period for the contact will extend to 14 days after end of isolation period for the case.​ This is 28 days from date o specimen collected from case. These household contacts should be COVID19 tested ASAP AND on Day 24 from test collection date for positive case
    • If symptomatic, contact provider
    • During the quarantine period, they can stay at home but should separate as much as possible from you. If possible, they should stay in separate rooms and use a separate bathroom.
    • As always, everyone in the home should follow the instructions of the County of Santa Clara shelter-in-place order and practice strict social distancing.
    • They may be called for Contact tracing and follow up
  4. During the quarantine period, your household contacts should monitor themselves for symptoms
    • If they develop fever, cough, or other symptoms​, they should call their doctor.
    • Before visiting a hospital, emergency room, or doctor's office, they should call ahead to notiy the provider that another household member was recently diagnosed with COVID-19.
    • If your household contact develops fever, cough, or other respiratory symptoms before Day 14 of isolation, they should get COVID-19 tested. They should remain in isolation and contact their Primary Provider about testing and evaluation.
If your test result is NEGATIVE:

  • You likely do not have COVID-19. Your provider may want to further discuss the meaning of this result with you.
  • You should remain isolated at home until 3 days after fever is gone and other symptoms are better.

For more information on COVID-19:

 

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People Who Need Extra Precautions

We now know that some people are at higher risk for serious COVID-19 illness than others. Specifically, older adults and people with underlying health conditions are more likely to develop more serious symptoms and to require more intensive medical care.

Based on what we know now, those at high-risk for severe illness from COVID-19 are:

  • People aged 50 years and older
  • People who live in a nursing home or long-term care facility
  • People of all ages with underlying medical conditions, particularly if not well controlled, including:
    • Chronic lung disease or moderate to severe asthma
    • Serious heart conditions
    • Compromised immunities
      • Many conditions can cause a person to have compromised immunities, including cancer treatment, smoking, bone marrow or organ transplantation, immune deficiencies, poorly controlled HIV or AIDS, and prolonged use of corticosteroids and other immune-weakening medications
    • Severe obesity (body mass index [BMI] of 40 or higher)
    • Diabetes
    • Chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis
    • Liver disease
  • People who are pregnant.

The County Public Health Department strongly urges that persons at higher risk of severe illness to stay home.

In addition, follow this general guidance:

  • Frequently wash your hands with soap and water, cough into a tissue or your elbow, and avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth.
  • Stay away from people who are ill.
  • Clean frequently touched surfaces and objects (like phones, tablets, doorknobs and light switches). Regular household cleaners are effective.
  • Get plenty of rest, drink plenty of fluids, eat healthy foods, and manage your stress to keep your immunity strong.
  • Follow CDC’s recommendations for using personal protective equipment (PPE).
  • Even if you are not ill, do not visit hospitals, long term care facilities, or nursing homes, or other settings with vulnerable populations. If you do need to visit one of these facilities, limit your time there and keep 6 feet away from all patients and employees of the facility at all times.
  • Do not go to the emergency room unless essential. Emergency rooms need to be able to serve those with the most critical needs. If you have symptoms such as cough, fever, or other respiratory problems, contact your regular doctor first for instructions.
  • If you are sick, stay home and away from others in your household to the degree you are able.

We also recognize that the spread of COVID-19 could be particularly dangerous for those experiencing homelessness. Individuals without stable housing not only face greater difficulty taking preventative actions, but they are often in poorer health than other residents. The County of Santa Clara is working hard with its partners to address the needs of homeless individuals, and you can read more about our response on this page.

 

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People Living and Working in Multi-Unit Housing Communities

What Should Property Managers Do?​

Encourage Residents and Staff to Practice Social Distancing.

  • Support staff in practicing social distancing and following the Shelter-in-Place order. Allow telecommuting and encourage the use of flexible leave time wherever possible.
  • Cancel all meetings, gatherings, and other uses of indoor common areas, including community rooms, fitness rooms, indoor pools/hot tubs, computer labs, and communal storage rooms. Outdoor swimming pools and dog park areas in multi-unit housing complexes can be reopened starting on June 5, if they follow the rules for each.
  • Laundry rooms may remain open for laundry purposes only and must be sanitized frequently. Signs should be posted in the laundry room to remind residents to practice social distancing while inside.
  • Require your staff to wear face coverings at all times when inside your facility.
  • Require or strongly encourage your residents to wear face coverings when they are in common areas such as laundry rooms, parking lots, walkways, or hallways. Note: If you choose to require masks, do not require them for children under six or for people who have trouble breathing or are unable to remove a face covering without assistance. See here for the County’s guidance.
  • Post information in staff areas, common spaces, and points of entry about actions being taken to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
  • Share information about COVID-19 with residents in multiple languages. Find available signs and resources on the CDC website and also here on the County’s Public Health Department’s website.

Manage Visitors

  • Limit visitor access to only essential visitors. Essential visitors include home care workers, food and package deliverers, and others who provide essential services, such as health care and emergency maintenance.
  • Encourage residents to connect with family and friends by phone and/or online, and to postpone all non-essential visits.
  • If possible, limit visitor access to a single point of entry in your building that staff can easily monitor.
  • Post signs at entrances instructing essential visitors to refrain from entering if they are sick or if they have had close contact with a person who is suspected or confirmed to have COVID-19.​
  • Post signs instructing visitors to limit their movement in the building and not to use common areas.
  • Require visitors to wear face coverings at all times when they are inside your facility.

Monitor Staff Health

  • Screen staff in person or by phone for symptoms of the virus at the start of every day. Anyone with a fever, cough, shortness of breath, muscle or body aches, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, or other symptoms associated with COVID-19 should not come to work.
  • Call 2-1-1 for phone and text services on COVID-19/novel coronavirus, available 24-hours a day, 7-days a week, in 150 languages.

If there is a suspected or confirmed case of COVID-19 in the building, do not share protected health information. The identity of a suspected or confirmed case is protected health information and may not be disclosed by staff. It is not necessary to alert residents about possible cases. For information about what to do in a situation where an employee tests positive for COVID-19, please refer to the County of Santa Clara Public Health Department Guidance for Businesses and Workplaces.

If the identity of a case is known, visitors and staff should not enter the unit where the person with COVID-19 resides.

What Should Maintenance Staff Do?

Frequently Clean and Disinfect

  • Clean and disinfect all surfaces in common areas several times each day. This includes doorknobs, elevator buttons, light switches, railings, laundry machines, and other surfaces that many people touch.
  • Visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) webpage for more information on cleaning methods and products.
  • Make sure garbage cans are readily available for used tissues and paper towels.

Work Safely in Residential Units

  • Limit maintenance work in units as much as feasible. Staff who need to enter a resident's unit should follow basic hygiene principles including:
    • Wash hands or use sanitizer (with at least 60% alcohol content) before entering. Wear clean gloves if possible.
    • Keep at least 6 feet of distance from residents.
    • Disinfect all work surfaces before leaving the unit.
    • Wear a face covering.

What Should Residents Do?

Practice Social Distancing

  • Stay at home in your residential unit and avoid all non-essential contact with others. In particular, avoid contact with people who are sick, and stay home and away from others when you are sick.
  • Limit trips for groceries, gas, retail items, recreation, and other essentials.
  • If it's essential to leave your residential unit, stay at least 6 feet away from others when possible and wear a face covering. This includes when you are outside your unit but still inside your building or complex (in hallways, walkways, the laundry room, the parking lot, etc.).
  • Support and respect decisions about limited use or temporary closure of common areas in your building.
  • Consider creative ways to connect with others from a distance. Use phone calls, conference calls, and online video conferencing for work, meetings, and to stay in touch with friends and family.

Practice Good Respiratory Hygiene

  • Wash hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If handwashing facilities are not available, use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol content.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Cover your mouth/nose with a tissue or sleeve when coughing or sneezing, then throw out the used tissue.
  • Avoid sharing personal items like drinking glasses, eating utensils, and towels with other people.

Frequently Clean High-Touch Surfaces in Your Household

  • Frequently disinfect and clean high touch surfaces including phones, keyboards, kitchen countertops, toilets, faucets and doorknobs.

Make a Plan

  • Plan how you will meet your essential needs if you become sick.
  • Plan how you might help others in your building if they become sick. For example, you might offer to leave food and other items outside a neighbor's door or check on them with a daily phone call.
  • Keep a supply of non-perishable food, household items, cleaning supplies, and medications on hand so that you can minimize your trips to the grocery store, pharmacy, and other locations.

 

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Guidance on Recreational Activities and Facilities

It’s important to exercise, play, and enjoy the outdoors during shelter in place—and to protect against the spread of COVID-19 while you do. Effective June 5, the County’s Shelter in Place Order allows more recreational activity, though there are still significant restrictions and rules you need to follow.  

Here’s what you need to know. 

General rules for sports and recreational activities: 

  • You may now engage in outdoor, non-contact sports and recreational activities with members of your own household and no more than one additional household, so long as you maintain at least six feet of social distance from everyone in the other household and do not share equipment other than a ball, frisbee, or similar item with members of the other household.   
  • No use of recreational areas or facilities outside your home that have high-touch equipment or surfaces (like playgrounds, picnic tables, and barbecue areas). These need to stay closed. 
  • No use of indoor recreational facilities, like gyms, except in your own home (with members of your own household only). If a recreational center is primarily made up of outdoor areas where activities are allowed (like an athletic field), the public can only use this outdoor portion, and all business and transactions involving the public must take place outdoors. 
  • You must strictly comply with Social Distancing Requirements in the Shelter in Place Order (including keeping 6 feet social distance from people not in your household) and any Social Distancing Protocols posted onsite. 
  • Follow the Critical Guidance for Face Coverings. You do not need to wear a face covering when exercising, but have one with you and ready to use.  

Rules for practices, lessons, and competitions:  

  • No adult team practices are allowed. 
  • Private classes and training sessions are allowed, limited to one instructor with members of one household, so long as they take place entirely outdoors, do not involve shared equipment (other than a ball, frisbee, or other similar item), and are non-contact activities. Instructors must maintain six feet of social distance at all times from trainees. 
  • Children may participate in team classes or practices of any kind that comply with the Guidance on Summer Camps, Summer School Programs, and Other Children’s Activities
  • No competitive team sporting events are allowed, except as part of a childcare program. 

Use of parks and open spaces: 

  • You can visit parks and open space areas. Follow the rules that any park or recreation area you visit has to reduce crowding and prevent spread of COVID-19. If crowding becomes a problem, people may be told to spread out or leave. 
  • Some areas may be closed or restricted to the public. Check the website or call before you visit. 

Equipment rentals allowed with restrictions: 

Equipment rentals of sports or recreational equipment are now allowed, provided that the equipment is thoroughly sanitized between each rental with a disinfectant that is effective at reducing the risk of surface transmission of COVID-19.  A list of effective disinfectants is available here. Like all equipment (other than balls, frisbees, and similar items), rental equipment should not be shared between members of different households. 

If you follow all these rules, you can do a variety of outdoor exercise and recreation activities alone, with members of your own household, or with one other household, including but not limited to: 

  • Archery ranges and gun ranges 
  • Baseball, softball, cricket, and outdoor batting cages  
  • Bicycling  
  • Boating, canoeing, and kayaking  
  • Fishing  
  • Hunting 
  • Frisbee and frisbee golf/disc golf 
  • Football  
  • Golf (following the rules in the State’s Stay Home Order​) and driving ranges 
  • Hang-gliding and paragliding 
  • Hiking and trail running 
  • Horseback-riding 
  • Kite-flying 
  • Paddle-boarding, kitesurfing, and windsurfing 
  • Roller-skating and rollerblading  
  • Skateboarding, including at a skate park 
  • Soccer  
  • Sunbathing and picnicking (but not at picnic benches or tables)  
  • Swimming and surfing in the ocean and lakes (if allowed in the area you visit) 
  • Swimming in outdoor pools in compliance with the Guide to Use of Outdoor Swimming Pools 
  • Tennis and other outdoor racquet sports  
  • Track and field activities 
  • Volleyball  
  • Walking, jogging, and running 
  • Yoga, Tai Chi, and similar activities 
  • Outdoor bouldering, and climbing on natural walls 
  • Camping at campgrounds allowed to operate under the Order  
These recreational facilities remain closed under the order, and cannot be used: 

  • Bowling alleys  
  • Indoor climbing walls and gyms  
  • Gyms and fitness/recreation centers  
  • Ice hockey, ice-skating, and roller-skating rinks 
  • Indoor tracks 
  • Martial arts studios 
  • Mini-golf courses 
  • Picnic and barbecue areas  
  • Playgrounds and outdoor fitness equipment 
  • Spas, saunas, and steam rooms 
  • Studios for yoga, Pilates, gymnastics, or dance ​

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Guide for Summer Camps (effective June 5, 2020) PDF​

Guidance for Summer Camps, Summer School Programs, and Other Children’s Activities

With the school year ending, many families with children are considering their options for summer camps, summer school, and other children’s activities. In light of COVID-19, it is important that summer camps, summer school, and other children’s programs take special precautions to make sure that staff and campers/students stay safe and healthy. A key way this can be accomplished is through ensuring that each person has a limited number of contacts, so that if a person becomes infected, spread is limited.

This guidance provides information about how these programs may operate and answers to some frequently asked questions. Please remember to check the County’s website regularly for updates, as the rules and limitations on summer camps may change.

Guidance specific to summer schools is at the end of this document. The guidance for schools in this document applies to summer instruction only and school districts should anticipate separate guidance regarding the 2020-2021 school year.

Development of a Social Distancing Protocol

Like all other businesses that are allowed to operate under the Health Officer’s Shelter in Place Order (“Order”), summer camps must complete and implement a Social Distancing Protocol before opening. This includes a requirement to wear face coverings at camps, which is discussed in more detail later in this guidance. Following these precautions will allow campers and staff members to be better protected from COVID-19.

The Social Distancing Protocol must be distributed to all camp personnel, and it must be accessible to County and city officials who are enforcing the Order. Summer camps must also print (1) a COVID-19 PREPARED Sign and (2) a Social Distancing Protocol Visitor Information Sheet, and both must be posted prominently at all camp facility entrances and check-in locations. (See Appendix A of the Order for a Social Distancing Protocol template, the COVID-19 PREPARED Sign, and the Social Distancing Protocol Information Sheet.)

Group Size and Mixing Restrictions

Just like daycares, summer camps, summer school, and other children’s programs must ensure that: (1) children are in stable groups of 12 or fewer; (2) children do not change from one group to another; (3) multiple groups of children in a facility stay in separate rooms; and (4) providers remain solely with one group of children.

Also, children may not move from one program to another more often than every 3 weeks. This means that, for instance, if a child attends a week-long summer camp program, that child is not allowed to attend another summer camp or childcare program for two more weeks. It also means that children cannot attend two camps simultaneously, or attend a summer camp and also another kind of recreational group or childcare program. Children’s programs are responsible for maintaining appropriate enrollment and attendance records. They should verify compliance with these restrictions to the extent feasible.

Families and Households with Multiple Children

There is no limit to the number of children from a single household or living unit who may attend the same program. But whenever possible, children who live together should attend the same program and be assigned to the same stable group. This will minimize the risk of exposure to camp staff, other campers, and other members of the children’s household.

Use of Shared Facilities Otherwise Not Allowed to Open Under Order

Summer camps may use recreational facilities like playgrounds and indoor athletic facilities that are not otherwise allowed to open under the Order, but they must ensure that no other groups or individuals are using the same facility at the same time. In other words, an indoor facility or playground must either be part of the organization’s own facility and access must be restricted only to children in that organization’s programs, or, if the indoor facility or playground is located on a different site, the organization can reserve it for exclusive use by children in its programs during the time of day when the camp or program is in session.

For example, a gymnastics camp that meets at a gym every morning for 3 weeks can use the gym
so long as the gym is reserved exclusively for the camp on those mornings. In addition, the Order’s restrictions on group size and mixing must be followed, meaning these facilities may only be used by one stable group of 12 or fewer children at any time and there can be no mixing between groups of children while using these facilities.

Multiple groups of children may use a shared indoor facility or playground at different times of the day or week. However, these facilities should be sanitized between uses by different groups of children.

Use of Shared Equipment

Children’s programs may use shared equipment for sports and recreational activities within each stable group of children. All shared equipment should be sanitized between uses by different groups of children.

Camp Counselors, Instructors, and Other Staff

Instructors, camp counselors, volunteers, and other staff who supervise children’s programs cannot work with multiple groups of children. For instance, if a camp counselor works with one group of children
for a Monday/Wednesday camp, that same camp counselor may not work with a different group of children for a Tuesday/Thursday camp during the same week(s). Each camp counselor must remain with the same group of children throughout the duration of the camp. After a camp ends, no matter the duration of the camp, the camp counselor may begin working with a new group of children. If camp staff are sick or hurt, or can’t work for another reason, a substitute may take over.

The 12-child limitation on group size only applies to camp participants, not camp staff. If camp staff are under the age of 18 (e.g. “counselor-in-training”), they do not count against the 12-child maximum.

Face Coverings

Program staff and all children ages 13 and older must wear a face covering at all times while attending the program or camp, unless they are eating, sleeping, or actively exercising, in which case they should still keep their face covering with them to put back on when done. Children ages 7-12 should wear face coverings while under direct adult supervision, unless they are eating, sleeping, or exercising, in which case they should still keep their face covering with them to put back on later. Face coverings are not required for anyone if it is medically inadvisable for a person to wear one.

Unless it is medically inadvisable, parents and caregivers should also wear face coverings when they are picking up and dropping off their children.

Drop-off and Pickup

If possible, programs and camps should stagger times to reduce crowding at the entrance. Staff should maintain social distancing of at least six feet from parents and caregivers at all times. If the program operates indoors, drop-off and pickup should occur outside, with staff coming outside to greet the children at the beginning of the day and to bring the children to their parents or caregivers at the end of the day. Parents and caregivers should not enter the facility if it can be avoided. The same parent or caregiver should be encouraged to conduct drop-off and pickup every day to reduce the number of people who come into contact with camp staff and children.

Children should wash their hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or clean their hands with hand sanitizer immediately after drop-off, immediately before pickup, and as often as possible throughout the day.

Symptom Screening

All staff members should be screened for COVID-19 symptoms prior to starting each shift, meaning they should be asked if they feel or recently felt feverish, and have or recently had other symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath, chills, night sweats, sore throat, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, tiredness, muscle or body aches, headaches, confusion, or loss of sense of taste/smell.

In addition, each day before drop-off, parents or caregivers should screen their children for COVID-19 symptoms. Staff should also monitor children for visible COVID-19 symptoms throughout the day.

Staff and children may not attend the program if they have COVID-19 symptoms and must go home immediately if they develop any COVID-19 symptoms during a camp session. Parents or caregivers should be encouraged to seek COVID-19 testing for the child. Camp staff should direct the child’s parent or caregiver to the County’s “If You Think You Are Sick” webpage for further instructions.

Rules for Summer School Programs

Schools can operate summer school and summer instructional programs if they follow the rules in this guidance. This means that:

  • Just like camps, summer schools must ensure that: (1) children are in stable classroom groups of 12 or fewer; (2) children do not change from one classroom group to another; (3) multiple groups of children in a facility stay in separate rooms; and (4) teachers remain solely with one classroom group of children.
    • Teachers cannot work with multiple classroom groups (for example, a Monday/ Wednesdaygroup and a separate Tuesday/Thursday group) during the same summer school session. Eachteacher must stay with the same classroom of children for the full duration of the program. Ifa teacher is sick, hurt, or can’t work, a substitute may take over.
  • Children may not move from one summer school or other program to another more than every 3 weeks. This also means that children cannot attend both summer school and camp within the same three-week period. Like camps, schools are responsible for maintaining enrollment and attendance records, and should verify families’ compliance with these restrictions to the extent feasible.
  • Summer school programs can use indoor recreational facilities and playgrounds for their programs or for recess, as long as they follow the requirements listed above in the “Use of Shared Facilities Not Otherwise Allowed to Open Under Order” and “Use of Shared Equipment” sections. Schools should follow strict cleaning and sanitizing protocols for classroom areas, as well.
  • Schools should require teachers, children 7 and over, and parents/caregivers doing drop-off and pick-up to wear face coverings as described in the “Face Coverings” section above. In general, teachers and students should wear face coverings even when speaking and giving presentations, because speaking is one of the key times when people spread respiratory droplets. But teachers can remove face coverings if they need to for a student with a disability to understand the lesson, and students can do so for a fellow student with a disability to understand them during a discussion group or other conversation, provided that everyone stays at least 6 feet apart from each other during these times when speaking without a face covering, and extra attention is paid to sanitizing any nearby surfaces (like desks) or shared items (like art materials). Students with disabilities are not required to wear face coverings during summer school classes if not advisable for them.
  • Schools should arrange for summer school drop-off and pick-up to occur as described in the “Drop- off and Pickup” section above.
  • Symptom checks are required for summer school programs following the rules in the “Symptom Screening” section above.

 

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Guide for Outdoor Dining (effective June 5, 2020) PDF​

Supplementary Measures for Outdoor Dining

Beginning June 5, 2020, restaurants and other food facilities that prepare and serve sit-down meals may provide sit-down dining to patrons outdoors (“Outdoor Dining”) in conformance with the County Health Officer’s Shelter in Place Order, its Appendix C-1, and applicable law. 

Facilities opening for Outdoor Dining must strictly comply with Social Distancing Protocol requirements (Appendix A to the Health Officer Order), the most recent COVID-19 Risk Mitigation Measures for Food Facilities issued by the County Department of Environmental Health, and the following Supplementary Measures for Outdoor Dining.​

General Rules

  • Only food facilities that provide permitted sit-down meal service are allowed to open for outdoor dining. Brewpubs, breweries, bars, pubs, craft distilleries, wineries, and tasting rooms that do not themselves provide permitted sit-down meal service shall remain closed to the public, except for takeaway retail sales allowed by the Order, including Appendix C-1, and other applicable law.
  • Dining is limited to outdoor areas only. Patrons dining at the facility may only enter indoor areas of the facility to use the restroom or hand-washing stations, to order and pick up food from a quick-service operation, or to access outdoor seating areas.​
  • Complete, implement, and provide to all Personnel a Social Distancing Protocol using the template in Appendix A to the Health Officer Order (as updated on May 22, 2020).
  • Post signage required by the Social Distancing Protocol.
  • Adhere to measures in the most recent COVID-19 Risk Mitigation Measures for Food Facilities issued by the County Department of Environmental Health.

Measures to Maintain Social Distance

  • All tables must be separated to ensure that at least six-feet social distance (more is better) can easily be maintained between all members of separate households or living units at all times. 
  • Limit tables to no more than six people per table. Inform all patrons that all who share a table must be from the same household or living unit.
  • Encourage reservations or advise patrons to call in advance to confirm seating/serving capacity. 
  • Provide guidance to patrons via digital platforms and/or by phone when taking reservations about social distancing measures for patrons.
  • Consider allowing patrons to order ahead of time to limit the amount of time spent at the establishment.
  • Ask patrons to remain in their cars or away from the facility while waiting to be seated. If possible, alert patrons through mobile phones when their table is ready to avoid use of shared devices such as buzzers.
  • Seat parties at their table one party at a time.
  • Personnel must minimize the amount of time spent within six feet of patrons and other Personnel. 
  • Limit the number of Personnel who serve individual parties. Consider assigning the same server to each party for the entire experience (as long as there is no conflict with mandatory meal and rest break laws).
  • Offer curbside pickup, takeaway, and/or delivery service alternatives to outdoor dining.
  • Expand outdoor seating where possible along right of ways or other outdoor areas as approved by local jurisdictions to maintain ample social distance.

Measures to Increase Sanitization and Disinfection

  • Thoroughly clean and sanitize each customer dining location (including tables and chairs) before seating next customer group.
  • Restrooms must be cleaned and disinfected at least every hour.
  • Ensure that all utensils and food-ware are properly washed, rinsed, and sanitized between use, or provide single-service utensils and food-ware.
  • Pre-roll utensils in napkins prior to use by patrons and store in a clean container. The pre-roll should be placed on the table after patrons are seated by a staff member who has recently washed their hands.
  • Provide hand sanitizer for use by patrons when entering the establishment. 
  • Equip common spaces such as outdoor dining areas, host stands, and kitchens with proper sanitation products, including hand sanitizer and sanitizing wipes. Sanitation products must be readily available to all Personnel directly assisting customers. 
  • Servers must wash or sanitize hands between visiting each customer party.

Measures to Prevent Unnecessary Contact

  • Alcohol may only be sold in the same transaction as a meal.
  • Buffets, salad bars, and other self-service food areas and beverage dispensers must remain closed to patrons. The facility may assign a staff member to dispense products and bring them to patrons seated at their tables.
  • Do not leave mints, candies, snacks, toothpicks, or similar items out for patrons to grab.
  • Provide single-service condiment containers and salt and pepper shakers to patrons. If not possible, provide only upon request and sanitize thoroughly between each use.
  • Provide disposable or digitally available menus or, if not possible, disinfect menus before and after use. Remove all other shared items from tables, such as card stands and napkin dispensers.
  • Once food leaves the kitchen it should go directly to the table of service.  Personnel may not place food at wait stations or visit multiple tables in one trip.
  • No outdoor food preparation may take place except as approved by the Department of Environmental Health. 
  • No bar service, tableside food preparation, or tableside food presentation (such as food item selection from carts) may take place.  
  • Leftover containers must be available only upon request and filled by patrons.

Face Covering Measures
  • Face coverings must be worn by all Personnel at all times (except for Personnel exempted from the face covering requirement pursuant to the Health Officer’s Critical Guidance on Face Coverings).  
  • Customers must wear face coverings while waiting in line, going to or from their table, while ordering their meals, while inside the food facility, and at other times food facilities may require to keep Personnel and patrons safe. Face coverings do not need to be worn and may not be required for children 6 years old and younger, those for whom face coverings are not medically recommended, and others exempted from the face covering requirement pursuant to the Health Officer’s Critical Guidance on Face Coverings. 

Measures for Quick-Service Restaurants
Quick-service (fast-food) restaurants may provide outdoor seating for patrons if they follow these additional rules:
  • Limit the number of patrons allowed inside the facility at any time to prevent crowding and allow for social distancing.
  • Place tape or other markings on the floor where customers wait for food or go through service lines to ensure that they maintain at least six-foot social distance.
  • Frequently sanitize all high-touch surfaces, including railings and counters where patrons pick up food.
  • Close self-service dispensers to access by patrons, including soda/beverage dispensers, condiment dispensers, napkin and utensil dispensers, and food bars. Staff should hand items directly to patrons instead.
  • Indoor seating areas must be closed to all patrons.
  • Post signage and instruct all patrons that only members of the same household/living unit may sit together at a table. 
  • Outdoor seating areas must be staffed to ensure that no more than six people sit together at a table, that tables are spaced to ensure at least six-foot social distance, that tables are cleaned between use by patrons, and that all other applicable measures are followed.

Other Measures

  • Umbrellas, canopies and other shade structures are only allowed if they do not have sides and allow for the free flow of air through the space.
  • Outdoor dining, placement of outdoor seating arrangements, and food service must comply with local laws, regulations, and permitting requirements. Major changes to food service operations, such as the addition of cleaning stations, food preparation areas, or food storage areas may require advance approval by the Department of Environmental Health. Contact the Department of Environmental Health for more information at: www.EHinfo.org, DEHWEB@cep.sccgov.org​, or (408) 918-3400.

 Guide to Use of Shared Outdoor Swimming Pools PDF​ 

Beginning June 5, 2020, shared outdoor swimming pools may reopen for use, so long as pool operators and users follow the requirements in the County Health Officer’s Shelter in Place Order, including the provisions in Appendix C-1 concerning swimming pools, as well as applicable laws and permitting requirements. Operation and use of shared outdoor swimming pools must also comply with the measures in this Guide.   

Oversight of Rules 
  • All pools except unstaffed residential pools must have at least one person (separate from lifeguards) on duty at all times to ensure that the facility’s social distancing protocol and all measures in this Guide are followed. 
  • For unstaffed pools that are part of a multi-unit residential facility, create a sign-up/reservation system to stagger use by separate households/living units and ensure that measures to maintain social distance are maintained.  ​
General Rules 
  • All outdoor shared (i.e. public) swimming pools (including hot tubs and wading pools) are allowed to operate, in accordance with these requirements. This includes, but is not limited to, outdoor swimming pools that are part of community centers, athletic clubs, multi-unit residential complexes, membership organizations, and schools. 
  • All indoor swimming pools/hot tubs must remain closed at this time (except for pools that are part of a health care operation and personal household pools). 
  • For all outdoor pools that are reopening, the facility operator must complete and implement a Social Distancing Protocol and distribute a copy to all staff, using the template in Appendix A to the Health Officer Order (as updated on May 22, 2020). The operator must also post signage required by the Social Distancing Protocol, including a COVID-19 PREPARED Sign and Visitor Information Sheet. 
  • Face coverings must be worn by pool staff and all pool users except when swimming. Face coverings are not required for children aged 6 and younger, those for whom face coverings are medically inadvisable, and others exempt from the face covering requirements pursuant to the Health Officer’s Critical Guidance on Facial Coverings
Measures to Maintain Social Distance 
  • Lap swimming must be limited to one swimmer per lane, except that members of the same household or living unit may occupy a single lane. 
  • Use of shared swimming areas must be limited to no more than one swimmer per 300 square feet of shared pool space (unless all swimmers in the shared space are from the same household/living unit). Calculate the total square footage of shared pool space and divide by 300 to determine the maximum number of swimmers allowed in that area. 
    • Example: If a swimming pool has 1500 square feet of shared pool space, it may have a maximum of 5 swimmers in the shared pool space at one time, unless all swimmers are from the same household (in which case there is no limit). But if 3 members of one household are in the shared pool space, the normal space limits still apply, and only 2 additional swimmers are allowed in the shared pool space. 
  • Swimmers must remain at least six feet apart at all times from anyone who is not part of their household or living unit (except for emergencies). 
  • Prohibit all gathering outside the pool, such as on pool decks, except that members of a household may observe a child or other person swimming to ensure safety and supervision. 
  • Limit hot tubs and small wading pools under 300 square feet to use by one household/living unit at a time. 
  • Post signage informing swimmers of these requirements.  
Measures to Prevent Unnecessary Contact 
  • Except if part of a program for children (see below), swim lessons are limited to one instructor and one household at a time, and instructors must maintain six-feet social distance from swimmers. Swim lessons are not allowed if they require physical contact. 
  • Remove or prohibit use of tables, chair, loungers, and other furniture that can encourage poolside gathering. 
  • Locker room and other indoor spaces must be closed to the public, except for use of restrooms. 
  • No sharing of towels or pool equipment with pool users from different households. 
Measures to Increase Hygiene and Sanitization 
  • Provide hand sanitizer (60% alcohol or higher) at each facility entrance and at other appropriate locations for use by staff and pool users, including at locations with frequent interaction between staff and the public (like at check-in counters). 
  • Provide adequate soap and water, paper towels and hand sanitizer (60% alcohol or higher) at all restrooms.  
  • Staff must wash hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, including: after using the restroom, after coughing/sneezing/smoking/eating, after cleaning or disinfecting equipment or touching items others have used (i.e. kick boards, pool noodles, handrails), and before putting on gloves. 
  • Regularly disinfect all high-touch surfaces exposed to staff or pool users. 
Pool Sanitation and Safety Reopening Check 
Conduct a pool sanitation and safety check on reopening to ensure pool chemistry is adequate for disinfection, and the pool has been evaluated for safety, including: 
  • Suction outlets are present and not loose, broken, or damaged. 
  • A Safety Vacuum Release System is present, if applicable, and in good working order. 
  • Pool lights are secure, flush to the wall, and devoid of any water within the light assembly. 
  • Spa Emergency Shut-off Switch is present and capable of turning off power to all spa pumps. 
  • Spa water temperature is 104 degrees Fahrenheit or below. 
  • All gates and doors are self-closing and self-latching. 
  • Pool enclosure (fence and gate/doors) is secure and there are no openings, holes or gaps that allow the passage of a 4-inch diameter sphere. 
Significant changes in operation or equipment require review by the Department of Environmental Health. Contact the Department of Environmental Health for more information at: www.EHinfo.org, DEHWEB@cep.sccgov.org, or (408) 918-3400.  

Special Consideration for Children’s Programs 
Use of pools for children’s summer camps and children’s recreational programs must comply with the Guidance for Summer Camps, Summer Schools Programs, and Other Children’s Activities​. This includes: 
  • Children must be in stable groups of 12 or fewer. Children and providers within these groups may physically interact, gather, and use shared equipment. 
  • Children may not change from one group to another, and groups may not interact with each other. Equipment must be sanitized before use by another group. 
  • Instructors and providers must work with only one group of children for the duration of the program. 
  • Children may not move from one program to another more often than every 3 weeks or participate in more than one program simultaneously.  

​ 

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How To

Face Coverings: An Overview

You are required to wear a face covering whenever you are at a business (even if it’s an outdoor business) as an employee or a customer, and whenever you are on public transit. Businesses must post signs reminding you to wear a face covering when you are at their facilities. At all other times when you are out in public, you are strongly encouraged to wear a face covering. The only exceptions are for people for whom a face covering may not be safe (for example, children 6 and under, or anyone who has trouble breathing or is unable to remove a face covering without assistance).

You can remove your mask to address basic biological necessities like eating and drinking, or if you are suddenly short of breath and feel a need for more air. You should replace your mask as soon as possible if you have to remove it. Wash your hands or use hand sanitizer both before and after handling your face covering.

You do not need to wear a face covering while you are exercising outdoors, but you should keep one with you to put on if needed.

The Role of Face Coverings

Wearing a face covering helps slow the spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in our community and reduce the number of people infected.

We know that people may be infected with the novel coronavirus but have no symptoms. Wearing a face covering can help to reduce the chance that those who may not know they are sick will spread the infection to others. If everyone wears face coverings in public, we can reduce the spread of infection.

Critical Guidance on Facial Coverings

Covering your face is about helping others. By covering your face when you go out for essential reasons, you are protecting vulnerable community members.

Face Coverings and the Order to Shelter in Place

Covering your face is not a substitute for sheltering in place. Sheltering in place has slowed the spread of the virus in our community, saving lives. Strictly following the order to shelter in place remains critical and is enforceable. Covering your face helps you to protect others if you might have an asymptomatic infection. It is required by the shelter in place order whenever you are at a business as an employee or customer, and strongly recommended at other times when you are outside your home.

Face Coverings and Social Distancing

Please remember that cloth face coverings must be combined with maintaining social distancing, frequently washing your hands, and avoiding all contact with people outside your household when you are sick. Wearing a face covering does not mean that people can come in closer contact with each other; while face coverings can help reduce the spread of the virus, they do not completely stop it.

When You are Required to Wear a Face Covering

You must wear a cloth face covering when:

  • You are a customer at any business allowed to be open (including an outdoor business), or riding on public transit, unless you are under 6 years old or a person who has trouble breathing or can't remove a face covering without help; and
  • You are working at any business allowed to be open, including an outdoor business, and including businesses performing only minimum basic operations, unless the face covering would create a safety hazard for workers under health and safety guidelines.

At other times when you're outside your own home, including in common areas of your apartment or condo complex, you are strongly urged to wear a face covering.

When a Face Covering is Not Needed

Face coverings are not required to be worn when you are:

  • At home.
  • In your car alone or solely with members of your household.
  • Exercising outdoors, like walking, hiking, bicycling, or running. However, people are recommended to have a face covering with them and readily accessible when exercising, even if they're not wearing it at that moment.

Who Should Not Wear a Face Covering

Face coverings are not necessarily recommended for:

  • Children 6 years old or younger.
  • Anyone who has trouble breathing, is incapacitated, or otherwise unable to remove a face covering without assistance.
  • Anyone who has been advised by a medical professional not to wear a face covering.
  • Any worker to the extent wearing a face covering creates a safety hazard at work under established health and safety guidelines.

Face Covering Information for Businesses and Transportation

  • All businesses that are allowed to operate in any capacity under the Order, including for minimum basic operations, are required to ensure that their employees wear a face covering when they are at work, even if there are no customers or members of the public present at the time. This is to avoid the spreading of respiratory droplets in areas where others may be exposed at some point.
  • Businesses must inform customers about the requirement to wear a face covering in their facilities, including posting the County's required Social Distancing Protocol Visitor Information and COVID-19 Prepared signs (both available to print here after a business completes its Social Distancing Protocol) at the entrance to the store or facility.
  • All workers operating public transportation or other types of shared transportation are required to wear a face covering when at work in most settings.

Workers at businesses should wear face coverings even when speaking or presenting to others—in fact, speaking is of the key times when people spread respiratory droplets. People speaking or presenting can remove their face covering if they are alone in a room speaking to others via telephone or videoconference, or if needed for disability accommodation to allow others to understand the presentation. Otherwise, face coverings should stay on even though it may feel inconvenient to speak through one.

Making Your Own Face Covering

There are several options for face coverings, as long as they cover the nose and mouth. Face coverings can be made of a variety of cloth materials, such as bandanas, scarves, t-shirts, sweatshirts, or towels.

A face covering can be made of cloth, fabric, or other soft or permeable material, but it should not have holes around the nose or mouth.

The CDC has provided simple instructions on how to make your own face covering.

Cleaning Your Face Covering

Face coverings should be washed frequently. Ideally, wash them after each use and have a dedicated laundry bag or bin. Always wash your hands, or use hand sanitizer, before and after touching your face or face coverings.

The CDC also has easy instruction on how to wear and clean your face covering.

Save Masks for Health Care Workers

N-95 and surgical masks are in short supply and need to be conserved for health workers on the frontlines. We are managing our supply levels closely and ensuring that health workers and first responders have medical-grade personal protective equipment that is aligned with the latest evidence-based science, and appropriate for their work duties.

If you are currently using a medical mask, keep using it as long as possible – until it becomes dirty or damaged due to the limited supply.

 

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Healthcare Providers

Providers have a responsibility to report confirmed or suspected COVID-19 cases to the Public Health Department. Please refer to the Healthcare Provider’s page for more detailed information and resources.


Guidance for Construction Field Safety

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Small Construction Project Safety Protocol

Appendix B-1 (Effective June 5, 2020) [PDF]

  1. Any construction project meeting any of the following specifications is subject to this Small Construction Project Safety Protocol (“SCP Protocol”), including public works projects unless otherwise specified by the Health Officer:
    1. For residential projects, any single-family, multi-family, senior, student, or other residential construction, renovation, or remodel project consisting of 10 units or less. This SCP Protocol does not apply to construction projects where a person is performing construction on their current residence either alone or solely with members of their own household.
    2. For commercial projects, any construction, renovation, or tenant improvement project consisting of 20,000 square feet of floor area or less.
    3. For mixed-use projects, any project that meets both of the specifications in subsection 1.a and 1.b.
    4. All other construction projects not subject to the Large Construction Project Safety Protocol set forth in Appendix B-2.
  1. The following restrictions and requirements must be in place at all construction job sites subject to this SCP Protocol:
    1. Comply with all applicable and current laws and regulations including but not limited to OSHA and Cal-OSHA. If there is any conflict, difference, or discrepancy between or among applicable laws and regulations and/or this SCP Protocol, the stricter standard shall apply.
    2. Designate a site-specific COVID-19 supervisor or supervisors to enforce this guidance. A designated COVID-19 supervisor must be present on the construction site at all times during construction activities. A COVID-19 supervisor may be an on-site worker who is designated to serve in this role.
    3. The COVID-19 supervisor must review this SCP Protocol with all workers and visitors to the construction site.
    4. Establish a daily screening protocol for arriving staff to ensure that potentially infected staff do not enter the construction site. If workers leave the jobsite and return the same day, establish a cleaning and decontamination protocol prior to entry and exit of the jobsite. Post the daily screening protocol at all entrances and exits to the jobsite. More information on screening can be found online at: www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/.
    5. Practice social distancing by maintaining a minimum six-foot distance between workers at all times, except as strictly necessary to carry out a task associated with the construction project.
    6. Where construction work occurs within an occupied residential unit, separate work areas must be sealed off from the remainder of the unit with physical barriers such as plastic sheeting or closed doors sealed with tape to the extent feasible. If possible, workers must access the work area from an alternative entry/exit door to the entry/exit door used by residents. Available windows and exhaust fans must be used to ventilate the work area. If residents have access to the work area between workdays, the work area must be cleaned and sanitized at the beginning and at the end of workdays. Every effort must be taken to minimize contact between workers and residents, including maintaining a minimum of six feet of social distancing at all times.
    7. Where construction work occurs within common areas of an occupied residential or commercial building or a mixed-use building in use by on-site employees or residents, separate work areas must be sealed off from the rest of the common areas with physical barriers such as plastic sheeting or closed doors sealed with tape to the extent feasible. If possible, workers must access the work area from an alternative building entry/exit door to the building entry/exit door used by residents or other users of the building. Every effort must be taken to minimize contact between worker and building residents and users, including maintaining a minimum of six feet of social distancing at all times.
    8. Prohibit gatherings of any size on the jobsite, including gatherings for breaks or eating, except for meetings regarding compliance with this protocol or as strictly necessary to carry out a task associated with the construction project.
    9. Cal-OSHA requires employers to provide water, which should be provided in single-serve containers. Sharing of any food or beverage is strictly prohibited and if sharing is observed, the worker must be sent home for the day.
    10. Provide personal protective equipment (PPE) specifically for use in construction, including gloves, goggles, face shields, and face coverings as appropriate for the activity being performed. At no time may a contractor secure or use medical-grade PPE unless required due to the medical nature of a jobsite. Face coverings must be worn in compliance with the April 17, 2020 Guidance from the County of Santa Clara Public Health Department, available at: www.sccgov.org/sites/covid19/Pages/learn-what-to-do.aspx#howto.
    11. Strictly control “choke points” and “high-risk areas” where workers are unable to maintain six-foot social distancing and prohibit or limit use to ensure that six-foot distance can easily be maintained between individuals.
    12. Minimize interactions and maintain social distancing with all site visitors, including delivery workers, design professional and other project consultants, government agency representatives, including building and fire inspectors, and residents at residential construction sites.
    13. Stagger trades as necessary to reduce density and allow for easy maintenance of minimum six-foot separation.
    14. Discourage workers from using others’ desks, work tools, and equipment. If more than one worker uses these items, the items must be cleaned and disinfected with disinfectants that are effective against COVID-19 in between use by each new worker. Prohibit sharing of PPE.
    15. If hand washing facilities are not available at the jobsite, place portable wash stations or hand sanitizers that are effective against COVID-19 at entrances to the jobsite and in multiple locations dispersed throughout the jobsite as warranted.
    16. Clean and sanitize any hand washing facilities, portable wash stations, jobsite restroom areas, or other enclosed spaces daily with disinfectants that are effective against COVID-19. Frequently clean and disinfect all high touch areas, including entry and exit areas, high traffic areas, rest rooms, hand washing areas, high touch surfaces, tools, and equipment
    17. Maintain a daily attendance log of all workers and visitors that includes contact information, including name, phone number, address, and email.
    18. Post a notice in an area visible to all workers and visitors instructing workers and visitors to do the following:
      1. Do not touch your face with unwashed hands or with gloves.
      2. Frequently wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
      3. Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces such as work stations, keyboards, telephones, handrails, machines, shared tools, elevator control buttons, and doorknobs.
      4. Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing, or cough or sneeze into the crook of your arm at your elbow/sleeve.
      5. Do not enter the jobsite if you have a fever, cough, or other COVID-19 symptoms. If you feel sick, or have been exposed to anyone who is sick, stay at home.
      6. Constantly observe your work distances in relation to other staff. Maintain the recommended minimum six feet at all times when not wearing the necessary PPE for working in close proximity to another person.
      7. Do not carpool to and from the jobsite with anyone except members of your own household unit, or as necessary for workers who have no alternative means of transportation.
      8. Do not share phones or PPE.
    19. In the event of a confirmed case of COVID-19 at any jobsite, the following must take place:
      1. Immediately remove the infected individual from the jobsite with directions to seek medical care.
      2. Each location the infected worker was at must be decontaminated and sanitized by an outside vendor certified in hazmat clean ups, and work in these locations must cease until decontamination and sanitization is complete.
      3. The County Public Health Department must be notified immediately by both telephone (by calling 408.885.4214) and by email (by sending an email to coronavirus@phd.sccgov.org). Any requirements specified by the County health officials must be completed, including full compliance with any tracing efforts by the County.

 

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Large Construction Project Safety Protocol

Appendix B-2 (Effective June 5, 2020) [PDF]

  1. Any construction project meeting any of the following specifications is subject to this Large Construction Project Safety Protocol (“LCP Protocol”), including public works projects unless otherwise specified by the Health Officer:
    1. For residential construction projects, any single-family, multi-family, senior,
      student, or other residential construction, renovation, or remodel project consisting of more than 10 units.
    2. For commercial construction projects, any construction, renovation, or tenant
      improvement project consisting of more than 20,000 square feet of floor area.
    3. For construction of Essential Infrastructure, as defined in section 16.c of the Order, any project that requires 20 or more workers at the jobsite at any one time.
  1. The following restrictions and requirements must be in place at all construction job sites subject to this LCP Protocol:
    1. Comply with all applicable and current laws and regulations including but not limited to OSHA and Cal-OSHA. If there is any conflict, difference or discrepancy between or among applicable laws and regulations and/or this LCP Protocol, the stricter standard will apply.
    2. Prepare a new or updated Site-Specific Health and Safety Plan to address COVID-19-related issues, post the Plan on-site at all entrances and exits, and produce a copy of the Plan to County governmental authorities upon request. The Plan must be translated as necessary to ensure that all non-English speaking workers are able to understand the Plan.
    3. Provide personal protective equipment (PPE) specifically for use in construction, including gloves, goggles, face shields, and face coverings as appropriate for the activity being performed. At no time may a contractor secure or use medical-grade PPE, unless required due to the medical nature of a job site. Face coverings must be worn in compliance with the April 17, 2020 Guidance from the County of Santa Clara Public Health Department, available at: www.sccgov.org/sites/covid19/Pages/learn-what-to-do.aspx#howto.
    4. Ensure that employees are trained in the use of PPE. Maintain and make available a log of all PPE training provided to employees and monitor all employees to ensure proper use of the PPE.
    5. Prohibit sharing of PPE.
    6. Implement social distancing requirements including, at minimum:
      1. Stagger stop- and start-times for shift schedules to reduce the quantity of workers at the jobsite at any one time to the extent feasible.
      2. Stagger trade-specific work to minimize the quantity of workers at the jobsite at any one time.
      3. Require social distancing by maintaining a minimum six-foot distance between workers at all times, except as strictly necessary to carry out a task associated with the project.
      4. Prohibit gatherings of any size on the jobsite, except for safety meetings or as strictly necessary to carry out a task associated with the project.
      5. Strictly control “choke points” and “high-risk areas” where workers are unable to maintain minimum six-foot social distancing and prohibit or limit use to ensure that minimum six-foot distancing can easily be maintained between workers.
      6. Minimize interactions and maintain social distancing with all site visitors, including delivery workers, design professional and other project consultants, government agency representatives, including building and fire inspectors, and residents at residential construction sites.
      7. Prohibit workers from using others’ phones or desks. Any work tools or equipment that must be used by more than one worker must be cleaned with disinfectants that are effective against COVID-19 before use by a new worker.
      8. Place wash stations or hand sanitizers that are effective against COVID-19 at entrances to the jobsite and in multiple locations dispersed throughout the jobsite as warranted.
      9. Maintain a daily attendance log of all workers and visitors that includes contact information, including name, address, phone number, and email.
      10. Post a notice in an area visible to all workers and visitors instructing workers and visitors to do the following:
        1. Do not touch your face with unwashed hands or with gloves.
        2. Frequently wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or use hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
        3. Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces such as workstations, keyboards, telephones, handrails, machines, shared tools, elevator control buttons, and doorknobs.
        4. Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing or cough or sneeze into the crook of your arm at your elbow/sleeve.
        5. Do not enter the jobsite if you have a fever, cough, or other COVID-19 symptoms. If you feel sick, or have been exposed to anyone who is sick, stay at home.
        6. Constantly observe your work distances in relation to other staff. Maintain the recommended minimum six-feet distancing at all times when not wearing the necessary PPE for working in close proximity to another person.
        7. Do not share phones or PPE.
      11. The notice in section 2.f.x must be translated as necessary to ensure that all non-English speaking workers are able to understand the notice.
    7. Implement cleaning and sanitization practices in accordance with the following:
      1. Frequently clean and sanitize, in accordance with CDC guidelines, all high-traffic and high-touch areas including, at a minimum: meeting areas, jobsite lunch and break areas, entrances and exits to the jobsite, jobsite trailers, hand-washing areas, tools, equipment, jobsite restroom areas, stairs, elevators, and lifts.
      2. Establish a cleaning and decontamination protocol prior to entry and exit of the jobsite and post the protocol at entrances and exits of jobsite.
      3. Supply all personnel performing cleaning and sanitization with proper PPE to prevent them from contracting COVID-19. Employees must not share PPE.
      4. Establish adequate time in the workday to allow for proper cleaning and decontamination including prior to starting at or leaving the jobsite for the day.
    8. Implement a COVID-19 community spread reduction plan as part of the Site-Specific Health and Safety Plan that includes, at minimum, the following restrictions and requirements:
      1. Prohibit all carpooling to and from the jobsite except by workers living within the same household unit, or as necessary for workers who have no alternative means of transportation.
      2. Cal-OSHA requires employers to provide water, which should be provided in single-serve containers. Prohibit any sharing of any food or beverage and if sharing is observed, the worker must be sent home for the day.
      3. Prohibit use of microwaves, water coolers, and other similar shared equipment.
    9. Assign a COVID-19 Safety Compliance Officer (SCO) to the jobsite and ensure the SCO’s name is posted on the Site-Specific Health and Safety Plan. The SCO must:
      1. Ensure implementation of all recommended safety and sanitation requirements regarding the COVID-19 virus at the jobsite.
      2. Compile daily written verification that each jobsite is compliant with the components of this LCP Protocol. Each written verification form must be copied, stored, and made immediately available upon request by any County official.
      3. Establish a daily screening protocol for arriving staff, to ensure that potentially infected staff do not enter the construction site. If workers leave the jobsite and return the same day, establish a cleaning and decontamination protocol prior to entry and exit of the jobsite. Post the daily screening protocol at all entrances and exit to the jobsite. More information on screening can be found online at: www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/.
      4. Conduct daily briefings in person or by teleconference that must cover the following topics:
        1. New jobsite rules and pre-job site travel restrictions for the prevention of COVID-19 community spread.
        2. Review of sanitation and hygiene procedures.
        3. Solicitation of worker feedback on improving safety and sanitation.
        4. Coordination of construction site daily cleaning/sanitation requirements.
        5. Conveying updated information regarding COVID-19.
        6. Emergency protocols in the event of an exposure or suspected exposure to COVID-19.
      5. Develop and ensure implementation of a remediation plan to address any non-compliance with this LCP Protocol and post remediation plan at entrance and exit of jobsite during remediation period. The remediation plan must be translated as necessary to ensure that all non-English speaking workers are able to understand the document.
      6. The SCO must not permit any construction activity to continue without bringing such activity into compliance with these requirements.
      7. Report repeated non-compliance with this LCP Protocol to the appropriate jobsite supervisors and a designated County official.
    10. Assign a COVID-19 Third-Party Jobsite Safety Accountability Supervisor (JSAS) for the jobsite, who at a minimum holds an OSHA-30 certificate and first-aid training within the past two years, who must be trained in the protocols herein and verify compliance, including by visual inspection and random interviews with workers, with this LCP Protocol.
      1. Within seven calendar days of each jobsite visit, the JSAS must complete a written assessment identifying any failure to comply with this LCP Protocol. The written assessment must be copied, stored, and, upon request by the County, sent to a designated County official.
      2. If the JSAS discovers that a jobsite is not in compliance with this LCP Protocol, the JSAS must work with the SCO to develop and implement a remediation plan.
      3. The JSAS must coordinate with the SCO to prohibit continuation of any work activity not in compliance with rules stated herein until addressed and the continuing work is compliant.
      4. The remediation plan must be sent to a designated County official within five calendar days of the JSAS’s discovery of the failure to comply.
    11. In the event of a confirmed case of COVID-19 at any jobsite, the following must take place:
      1. Immediately remove the infected individual from the jobsite with directions to seek medical care.
      2. Each location the infected worker was at must be decontaminated and sanitized by an outside vendor certified in hazmat clean ups, and work in these locations must cease until decontamination and sanitization is complete.
      3. The County Public Health Department must be notified immediately by both telephone (by calling 408.885.4214) and by email (by sending an email to coronavirus@phd.sccgov.org). Any requirements specified by the County health officials must be completed, including full compliance with any tracing efforts by the County.
    12. Where construction work occurs within an occupied residential unit, any separate work area must be sealed off from the remainder of the unit with physical barriers such as plastic sheeting or closed doors sealed with tape to the extent feasible. If possible, workers must access the work area from an alternative entry/exit door to the entry/exit door used by residents. Available windows and exhaust fans must be used to ventilate the work area. If residents have access to the work area between workdays, the work area must be cleaned and sanitized at the beginning and at the end of workdays. Every effort must be taken to minimize contact between workers and residents, including maintaining a minimum of six feet of social distancing at all times.
    13. Where construction work occurs within common areas of an occupied residential or commercial building or a mixed-use building in use by on-site employees or residents, any separate work area must be sealed off from the rest of the common areas with physical barriers such as plastic sheeting or closed doors sealed with tape to the extent feasible. If possible, workers must access the work area from an alternative building entry/exit door to the building entry/exit door used by residents or other users of the building. Every effort must be taken to minimize contact between worker and building residents and users, including maintaining a minimum of six feet of social distancing at all times.

 

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Last updated: 7/6/2020 4:57 PM