ORDER OF THE HEALTH OFFICER OF THE COUNTY OF SANTA CLARA DIRECTING
ALL INDIVIDUALS LIVING IN THE COUNTY TO SHELTER AT THEIR PLACE OF RESIDENCE EXCEPT THAT THEY MAY LEAVE TO PROVIDE OR
RECEIVE CERTAIN ESSENTIAL SERVICES OR ENGAGE IN CERTAIN ESSENTIAL ACTIVITIES AND WORK FOR ESSENTIAL BUSINESSES AND
GOVERNMENTAL SERVICES; EXEMPTING INDIVIDUALS EXPERIENCING HOMELESSNESS FROM THE SHELTER IN PLACE ORDER BUT URGING
THEM TO FIND SHELTER AND GOVERNMENT AGENCIES TO PROVIDE IT; DIRECTING ALL BUSINESSES AND GOVERNMENTAL AGENCIES TO
CEASE NON-ESSENTIAL OPERATIONS AT PHYSICAL LOCATIONS IN THE COUNTY; PROHIBITING ALL NON ESSENTIAL GATHERINGS OF ANY
NUMBER OF INDIVIDUALS; AND ORDERING CESSATION OF ALL NON-ESSENTIAL TRAVEL
DATE OF ORDER: MARCH 16, 2020
Please read this Order carefully. Violation of or failure to comply with this Order is a misdemeanor
punishable by fine, imprisonment, or both. (California Health and Safety Code § 120295, et
UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF CALIFORNIA HEALTH AND SAFETY CODE SECTIONS 101040, 101085, AND 120175, THE HEALTH OFFICER OF
THE COUNTY OF SANTA CLARA ("HEALTH OFFICER") ORDERS:
- The intent of this Order is to ensure that the maximum number of people self-isolate in their places of
residence to the maximum extent feasible, while enabling essential services to continue, to slow the spread of
COVID-19 to the maximum extent possible. When people need to leave their places of residence, whether to obtain
or perform vital services, or to otherwise facilitate authorized activities necessary for continuity of social
and commercial life, they should at all times reasonably possible comply with Social Distancing Requirements as
defined in Section 10 below. All provisions of this Order should be interpreted to effectuate this intent.
Failure to comply with any of the provisions of this Order constitutes an imminent threat to public health.
- All individuals currently living within Santa Clara County (the "County") are ordered to shelter at
their place of residence. To the extent individuals are using shared or outdoor spaces, they must at all times
as reasonably possible maintain social distancing of at least six feet from any other person when they are
outside their residence. All persons may leave their residences only for Essential Activities, Essential
Governmental Functions, or to operate Essential Businesses, all as defined in Section 10. Individuals
experiencing homelessness are exempt from this Section, but are strongly urged to obtain shelter, and
governmental and other entities are strongly urged to make such shelter available as soon as possible and to the
maximum extent practicable (and to utilize Social Distancing Requirements in their operation).
- All businesses with a facility in the County, except Essential Businesses as defined below in Section 10, are
required to cease all activities at facilities located within the County except Minimum Basic Operations, as
defined in Section 10. For clarity, businesses may also continue operations consisting exclusively of employees
or contractors performing activities at their own residences (i.e., working from home). All Essential Businesses
are strongly encouraged to remain open. To the greatest extent feasible, Essential Businesses shall comply with
Social Distancing Requirements as defined in Section 10 below, including, but not limited to, when any customers
are standing in line.
- All public and private gatherings of any number of people occurring outside a household or living unit are
prohibited, except for the limited purposes as expressly permitted in Section 10. Nothing in this Order
prohibits the gathering of members of a household or living unit.
- All travel, including, but not limited to, travel on foot, bicycle, scooter, motorcycle, automobile, or public
transit, except Essential Travel and Essential Activities as defined below in Section 10, is prohibited. People
must use public transit only for purposes of performing Essential Activities or to travel to and from work to
operate Essential Businesses or maintain Essential Governmental Functions. People riding on public transit must
comply with Social Distancing Requirements as defined in Section 10 below, to the greatest extent feasible. This
Order allows travel into or out of the County to perform Essential Activities, operate Essential Businesses, or
maintain Essential Governmental Functions.
- This Order is issued based on evidence of increasing occurrence of COVID-19 within the County and throughout the
Bay Area, scientific evidence and best practices regarding the most effective approaches to slow the
transmission of communicable diseases generally and COVID-19 specifically, and evidence that the age, condition,
and health of a significant portion of the population of the County places it at risk for serious health
complications, including death, from COVID-19. Due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus in the general public,
which is now a pandemic according to the World Health Organization, there is a public health emergency
throughout the County. Making the problem worse, some individuals who contract the COVID-19 virus have no
symptoms or have mild symptoms, which means they may not be aware they carry the virus. Because even people
without symptoms can transmit the disease, and because evidence shows the disease is easily spread, gatherings
can result in preventable transmission of the virus. The scientific evidence shows that at this stage of the
emergency, it is essential to slow virus transmission as much as possible to protect the most vulnerable and to
prevent the health care system from being overwhelmed. One proven way to slow the transmission is to limit
interactions among people to the greatest extent practicable. By reducing the spread of the COVID-19 virus, this
Order helps preserve critical and limited healthcare capacity in the County.
- This Order also is issued in light of the existence of 123 cases of COVID-19 in the County, as well as at least
258 confirmed cases and at least three deaths in the seven Bay Area jurisdictions jointly issuing this Order, as
of 5 m. on March 15, 2020, including a significant and increasing number of suspected cases of community
transmission and likely further significant increases in transmission. Widespread testing for COVID-19 is not
yet available but is expected to increase in the coming days. This Order is necessary to slow the rate of spread
and the Health Officer will re-evaluate it as further data becomes available.
- This Order is issued in accordance with, and incorporates by reference, the March 4, 2020 Proclamation of a
State of Emergency issued by Governor Gavin Newsom, the February 3, 2020 Proclamation by the Director of
Emergency Services Declaring the Existence of a Local Emergency in the County, the February 3, 2020 Declaration
of Local Health Emergency Regarding Novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) issued by the Health Officer, the February
10, 2020 Resolution of the Board of Supervisors of the County of Santa Clara Ratifying and Extending the
Declaration of a Local Health Emergency, and the February 10, 2020 Resolution of the Board of Supervisors of the
County of Santa Clara Ratifying and Extending the Proclamation of a Local Emergency.
- This Order comes after the release of substantial guidance from the County Health Officer, the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention, the California Department of Public Health, and other public health officials
throughout the United States and around the world, including a variety of prior orders to combat the spread and
harms of COVID-19. The Health Officer will continue to assess the quickly evolving situation and may modify or
extend this Order, or issue additional Orders, related to COVID-19.
- Definitions and Exemptions.
- For purposes of this Order, individuals may leave their residence only to perform any of the following
"Essential Activities." But people at high risk of severe illness from COVID-19 and people who
are sick are urged to stay in their residence to the extent possible except as necessary to seek medical
- To engage in activities or perform tasks essential to their health and safety, or to the health
and safety of their family or household members (including, but not limited to, pets), such as,
by way of example only and without limitation, obtaining medical supplies or medication,
visiting a health care professional, or obtaining supplies they need to work from home.
- To obtain necessary services or supplies for themselves and their family or household members,
or to deliver those services or supplies to others, such as, by way of example only and without
limitation, canned food, dry goods, fresh fruits and vegetables, pet supply, fresh meats, fish,
and poultry, and any other household consumer products, and products necessary to maintain the
safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences.
- To engage in outdoor activity, provided the individuals comply with Social Distancing
Requirements as defined in this Section, such as, by way of example and without limitation,
walking, hiking, or running.
- To perform work providing essential products and services at an Essential Business or to
otherwise carry out activities specifically permitted in this Order, including Minimum Basic
- To care for a family member or pet in another household.
- For purposes of this Order, individuals may leave their residence to work for or obtain services at any
"Healthcare Operations" including hospitals, clinics, dentists, pharmacies, pharmaceutical and
biotechnology companies, other healthcare facilities, healthcare suppliers, home healthcare services
providers, mental health providers, or any related and/or ancillary healthcare services.
"Healthcare Operations" also includes veterinary care and all healthcare services provided to
animals. This exemption shall be construed broadly to avoid any impacts to the delivery of healthcare,
broadly defined. "Healthcare Operations" does not include fitness and exercise gyms and
- For purposes of this Order, individuals may leave their residence to provide any services or perform any
work necessary to the operations and maintenance of "Essential Infrastructure," including, but
not limited to, public works construction, construction of housing (in particular affordable housing or
housing for individuals experiencing homelessness), airport operations, water, sewer, gas, electrical,
oil refining, roads and highways, public transportation, solid waste collection and removal, internet,
and telecommunications systems (including the provision of essential global, national, and local
infrastructure for computing services, business infrastructure, communications, and web-based services),
provided that they carry out those services or that work in compliance with Social Distancing
Requirements as defined this Section, to the extent possible.
- For purposes of this Order, all first responders, emergency management personnel, emergency dispatchers,
court personnel, and law enforcement personnel, and others who need to perform essential services are
categorically exempt from this Order. Further, nothing in this Order shall prohibit any individual from
performing or accessing "Essential Governmental Functions," as determined by the governmental
entity performing those functions. Each governmental entity shall identify and designate appropriate
employees or contractors to continue providing and carrying out any Essential Governmental Functions.
All Essential Governmental Functions shall be performed in compliance with Social Distancing
Requirements as defined in this Section, to the extent possible.
- For the purposes of this Order, covered businesses include any for-profit, non-profit, or educational
entities, regardless of the nature of the service, the function they perform, or its corporate or entity
- For the purposes of this Order, "Essential Businesses" means:
- Healthcare Operations and Essential Infrastructure;
- Grocery stores, certified farmers' markets, farm and produce stands, supermarkets,
food banks, convenience stores, and other establishments engaged
in the retail sale of canned food, dry goods, fresh fruits and vegetables, pet supply, fresh
meats, fish, and poultry, and any other household consumer products (such as cleaning and
personal care products). This includes stores that sell groceries
and also sell other non-grocery products, and products necessary to maintaining the
safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences;
- Food cultivation, including farming, livestock, and fishing;
- Businesses that provide food, shelter, and social services, and other necessities of life for
economically disadvantaged or otherwise needy individuals;
- Newspapers, television, radio, and other media services;
- Gas stations and auto-supply, auto-repair, and related facilities;
- Banks and related financial institutions;
- Hardware stores;
- Plumbers, electricians, exterminators, and other service providers who provide services that are
necessary to maintaining the safety, sanitation, and essential operation of residences,
Essential Activities, and Essential Businesses;
- Businesses providing mailing and shipping services, including post office boxes;
- Educational institutions-including public and private K-12 schools, colleges, and
universities-for purposes of facilitating distance learning or performing essential functions,
provided that social distancing of six-feet per person is maintained to the greatest extent
- Laundromats, drycleaners, and laundry service providers;
- Restaurants and other facilities that prepare and serve food, but only for delivery or carry
out. Schools and other entities that typically provide free food services to students or members
of the public may continue to do so under this Order on the condition that the food is provided
to students or members of the public on a pick-up and take-away basis only. Schools and other
entities that provide food services under this exemption shall not permit the food to be eaten
at the site where it is provided, or at any other gathering site;
- Businesses that supply products needed for people to work from home;
- Businesses that supply other essential businesses with the support or supplies necessary to
- Businesses that ship or deliver groceries, food, goods or services directly to residences;
- Airlines, taxis, and other private transportation providers providing transportation services
necessary for Essential Activities and other purposes expressly authorized in this Order;
- Home-based care for seniors, adults, or children;
- Residential facilities and shelters for seniors, adults, and children;
- Professional services, such as legal or accounting services, when necessary to assist in
compliance with legally mandated activities;
- Childcare facilities providing services that enable employees exempted in this Order to work as
permitted. To the extent possible, childcare facilities must operate under the following
- Childcare must be carried out in stable groups of 12 or fewer ("stable" means
that the same 12 or fewer children are in the same group each day).
- Children shall not change from one group to another.
- If more than one group of children is cared for at one facility, each group shall be in
a separate Groups shall not mix with each other.
- Childcare providers shall remain solely with one group of children.
- For the purposes of this Order, "Minimum Basic Operations" include the following, provided
that employees comply with Social Distancing Requirements as defined this Section, to the extent
possible, while carrying out such operations:
- The minimum necessary activities to maintain the value of the business's inventory, ensure
security, process payroll and employee benefits, or for related functions.
- The minimum necessary activities to facilitate employees of the business being able to continue
to work remotely from their residences.
- For the purposes of this Order, "Essential Travel" includes travel for any of the following
purposes. Individuals engaged in any Essential Travel must comply with all Social Distancing
Requirements as defined in this Section below.
- Any travel related to the provision of or access to Essential Activities, Essential Governmental
Functions, Essential Businesses, or Minimum Basic Operations
- Travel to care for elderly, minors, dependents, persons with disabilities, or other vulnerable
- Travel to or from educational institutions for purposes of receiving materials for distance
learning, for receiving meals, and any other related services.
- Travel to return to a place of residence from outside the jurisdiction.
- Travel required by law enforcement or court order.
- Travel required for non-residents to return to their place of residence outside the County.
Individuals are strongly encouraged to verify that their transportation out of the County
remains available and functional prior to commencing such travel.
- For purposes of this Order, residences include hotels, motels, shared rental units and similar
- For purposes of this Order, "Social Distancing Requirements" includes maintaining at least
six-foot social distancing from other individuals, washing hands with soap and water for at least twenty
seconds as frequently as possible or using hand sanitizer, covering coughs or sneezes (into the sleeve
or elbow, not hands), regularly cleaning high-touch surfaces, and not shaking hands.
- Pursuant to Government Code sections 26602 and 41601 and Health and Safety Code section 101029, the Health
Officer requests that the Sheriff and all chiefs of police in the County ensure compliance with and enforce this
Order. The violation of any provision of this Order constitutes an imminent threat to public health.
- This Order shall become effective at 12:01 a.m. on March 17, 2020 and will continue to be in effect until 11:59
p.m. on April 7, 2020, or until it is extended, rescinded, superseded, or amended in writing by the Health
- Copies of this Order shall promptly be: (1) made available at the County Government Center at 70 W. Hedding
Street, San Jose, California; (2) posted on the County Public Health Department website (www.sccphd.org) and (3) provided to any member of the public requesting a
copy of this Order.
- If any provision of this Order to the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held to be invalid,
the reminder of the Order, including the application of such part or provision to other persons or
circumstances, shall not be affected and shall continue in full force and effect. To this end, the provisions of
this Order are severable.
IT IS SO ORDERED:
Sara H. Cody, M.D.
Health Officer of the County of Santa Clara
Approved as to form and legality
James R. Williams