Summer Weather Preparedness
While the danger from summer
weather varies across the country nearly all Americans regardless of where
they live are likely to face some type of severe heat related weather at some
point in their lives, especially with the drought conditions we have faced the
last few years. Heat is the number one weather-related killer. In extreme heat
and high humidity, evaporation is slowed and the body must work extra hard to
maintain a normal temperature.
Most heat disorders occur because
the victim has been overexposed to heat or has over-exercised for his or her
age and physical condition. Older adults, young children and those who are sick
are more likely to succumb to extreme heat.
Conditions that can induce heat-related
illnesses include stagnant atmospheric conditions and poor air quality.
Consequently, people living in urban areas may be at greater risk from the
effects of a prolonged heat wave than those living in rural areas. Also,
asphalt and concrete store heat longer and gradually release heat at night,
which can produce higher nighttime temperatures known as the "urban heat
With spring and summer
approaching we expect heat events to be a constant during those time periods. Such
conditions can be dangerous and even life-threatening for those who don't take
the proper precautions. We ask that you please are aware of the upcoming
weather, as well as taking a few moments to look at the information and links
below from our safety related partners.
Extreme Heat Preparedness
Build a disaster supply kit and
make a family plan.
If installing window air
conditioners, install them snugly and insulate if necessary.
Weather-strip doors and sills to
keep cool air in.
Cover windows that receive
morning or afternoon sun with drapes, shades, awnings, or louvers—outdoor
awnings or louvers can reduce the heat that enters a home by up to 80 percent.
Listen to local weather forecasts
and stay aware of upcoming temperature changes.
Know those in your neighborhood
who are elderly, young, or in poor health—they are more likely to become
victims of excessive heat and may need help.
Get trained in first aid to learn
how to treat heat-related emergencies.
Red Cross recommends these steps to stay safe during the heat:
Listen to NOAA Weather Radio for
critical updates from the National Weather Service.
Never leave children or pets
alone in enclosed vehicles.
Eat small meals and eat more
Avoid extreme temperature changes.
Limit intake of alcoholic
Drink plenty of water, even if
you do not feel thirsty, and avoid drinks with caffeine.
Stay on the lowest floor out of
the sunshine if air conditioning is not available.
Wear loose-fitting, lightweight,
Slow down, stay indoors and avoid
strenuous exercise during the hottest part of the day.
Use a buddy system when working
in excessive heat.
Take frequent breaks if working
Check on family, friends and
neighbors who do not have air conditioning, who spend much of their time alone
or who are more likely to be affected by the heat.
Check on animals frequently to
ensure that they are not suffering from the heat, and ensure they have water
and a shady place to rest.
Helpful Links Below: