Gender-Based Violence (GBV) is violence directed at an individual based on biological sex, gender identity or socially constructed norms of femininity and masculinity. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the terms "gender-based violence" and "violence against women" are used interchangeably and are a result of the imbalance of power among the genders. It can manifest itself in the form of intimate partner violence, sexual violence, human trafficking, child marriage and/or genital mutilation, to name a few. These acts are violations of basic human rights that affect health and economic outcomes for individuals and the entire community.
For more than a decade, the Office of Women's Policy has partnered with community-based organizations and volunteers who serve on commissions to address intimate partner violence and human trafficking.
In Santa Clara County:
- On an annual basis, domestic violence (DV) agencies field over 20,000 calls; deliver services to over 6,000 adults and children; and provide shelter or housing to 500 adults and children.
- Law enforcement received over 5,000 domestic violence-related calls for assistance.
- There were 178 domestic violence-related deaths in Santa Clara County between 2000 and 2016.