Elmwood Correctional Complex in Milpitas provides care, housing, and retention of approximately 2,600 medium- and minimum-security male inmates. The facility employs 265 correctional officers, and 25 administrative support personnel and hosts a large number of volunteers and programs staff. The entire Elmwood complex has an operating budget of about $32 million a year.
The Elmwood buildings vary in shape and size, some designed for indirect supervision of inmates, others for direct supervision. Many are military style barracks for minimum-security inmates. Although the Elmwood site only houses minimum and medium security male inmates, the women's facility at Elmwood houses all security levels.